Broadleaf Evergreens

BOLD means new or just new to us; Wd-well drained; M-moist; W-woodland; Hr-humus rich; DH-deadhead; P-poor; S-sandy; Ps-part shade; X-excellent; Gc- ground cover; N-neutral; A-acid; Alk-alkaline; ^-winter protection; Lm-leaf Mould; F-fertile; Mt-moisture retentive

Broadleaf Evergreens 2018 
BOLD means new o new to us-Wd-well drained; M-moist; W-woodland;Hr-humus rich; DH-deadhead;P-poor:S-sandy;Ps-part shade;
X-excellent; Gc- ground cover; N-neutral;A-acid; Alk-alkaline;^-winter protection; Lm-leaf Mould;F-fertile; Mt-moisture retentive
Common Species/Variety Culture Garden Use
Arctostaphylos Vancouver Jade Sunny/WD 6" vigorous ground cover that spreads more quickly than the typical form and bears flowers on semi-upright branches
boxwood Buxus Green Velvet Ps/Wd/F/sun may promote scorch 3x3' dk green foliage all year/hedge/large green leaf
Euonymous Surespot sun-ps/wd/average 24"-dark green leaves with prominent yellow centres
Euonymus f Emerald Gaiety sun-ps/wd/average 3'H x 6' spread.green with white edging- good to hold retaining walls
ivy  Hedera Baltica sun-ps/average  deep  green leaves with creamy white veining. Good for covering up bad areas & for ground erosion 
holly Ilex combo Blue Price/Princess sun-ps/m/wd/hr/prune late fall 6' x 5'-Rather than having to buy two plants,. 2 together in one pot, to grow as a single bush, ..
mt laurel Kalmia lat Minuet Ps/M/acid lite prune after flowering 3 x33'-compact variety  with large banded flowers of light pink buds that open to dark pink
lily of valley  Pieris Mountain Fire  sun-ps/m/wd/hr/acid/prune after flw  12'x9'-gets it's name from br red leaves late fall & in winter 
rhodo Rhodo c Nova Zembla noon shde/acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering 7'-purple-red sometimes 5" flowers lovely & attractive late spring blooming Rhodo 
rhodo  Rhodo Capistrano noon shade,  acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering    5' x5', large leaf, yellow flowers, beautiful foliage 
rhodo Rhodo cata Boursault noon shade, acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering 6 x 6'. Lilac flowers
rhodo  Rhodo Cunninghams White noon shde/acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering  3-6'- pink buds that open to white flowers with yellow,green & brown marking.Low, compact
rhodo Rhodo Purple Passion noon shde/acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering   deep purple purple blooms, gold medal award for the bluest Rhodo 
rhodo Rhodo PJM noon shde/acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering One of the earliest to bloom; Flowers wavy edges, 1½" across, lilac purple to light violet.
rhodo Rhodo Roseum Elegans noon shde/acid/m/wd/prune aft flw/fertilizer immediately after flowering 6-8'-prune & fertilize after flowering;rosy lavender flowers
vinca Vinca m Bowles variety noon shade/WD/M  Medium to low growing mat of glossy dark green, studded with bright blueflowers. Self clinging if it grows up a tree or wall. Roots in ground at nodes
Helpful Hint: some of these plants need a burlap protection in winter Always use BL evergreen food only early in the season
Rhoddo/A do not use any miticides never water over the top of leaves Fertilize with proper Rhoddo food,NOT Aluminun Sulphate..FERTILZE RHODO'S IN SPRING AFTER FLWERING & IN JULY
Leaf chewing beatle use Neem Oil. Mulch to provide sufficient moisture
Leaves turn black stem starts getting black.Botrytis,usually caused by roots not taking up water each time you water it makes the problem worse.Usually caused by real wet winters & then we get a period of real hot weather. Cut back beyond the black. Supply good air circulation & practise good sanitation…deadhead decaying flowers
Holly- female hollies have a 'bump in the middle of the flower-male hollies have an indent in the middle of the flower For best results use proper fertilizer for Hollies-One male Holly will fertilize 5-6 females Every 3 years the hollies will shed the older leaves.If, for whatever reason hollies completely de-foliate, they will usually return
if stems are not black.Give 2 feedings[no more] of All Purpose Miracle GroThis is good advice for all dead-looking trees/shrubs If Hollies look a little yellow, give them a small amount of Lime[yes! Lime] because yellow means tooooooo much acid Using proper fertilizer is important to the nutrient supply for the plant. Usually sold in small size packages Aluminun Sulphate is NOT a fertilizer, it is for acidifying the soil

 

Helpful Hint: some of these plants needs a burlap protection in winter. Always use broadleaf evergreen food, only early in the season.  Rhoddo/Azalea- DO NOT use any miticides-NEVER water over the top of the leaves. Fertilize with proper Roddo food...Aluminum Sulphate is not a fertilier but is used to acidify the soil only. Fertilizer in early spring and after flowering, to set buds for next season.  Leaf Chewing Beatle- use Wilson's Borer Killer, use this in the spring as the beatle over winters, summer & fall use would be too late.  Leaves turning black & stem start going black, it is Botrytis, usually caused by root not taking up water....Usually caused by real wet winters & then a period of real hot weather. Cut back beyond the black, supply good air circulation & spray with Ferban(Fruit +)    Holly-female hollies have a bump in the middle of the flower & male hollies have an indent. Use the proper fertilizer for Hollies or a good alternative would be Pink Vigoro or Tree & Hedge...Using proper fertilizer is important to the nutrient supply of the plant. One male holly will pollinate 5-6 females.  Every 3 years hollies will shed their older leaves..if, for whatever reason hollies completely de-foliate the leaves will usually return if the stems aren't black...Give 2 feedings(no more) of All Purpose Miracle Gro.  This is good advice for all dead-looking trees/shrubs...Yellow Hollies need a small amount of LIME, yes lime as yellow means too much acid-